LLRX August 2022 Issue

Articles and Columns for August 2022

  • Data Mining Resources 2022 – Data mining and knowledge discovery is a quickly evolving field that is part of the portfolio of CI, BI and KM professionals, law librarians, research analysts, infopros, data scientists, data journalists and students in college and graduate programs. This expansive bibliography by Marcus P. Zillman comprises a wealth of information, resources, tools, techniques and applications, as well as links to many open datasets. The subject matter includes data mining, data scrapping, data aggregation, big data and big analytics. The resources include: ebooks and glossaries, research papers, video tutorials and online training, APIs, open source web data extraction tools, datasets, bibliographies, case studies, scientific and academic papers and substantive articles, as well as training and certifications on data mining and open source code.
  • Pitching the Difficult Case: Working With ProsecutorsJerry Lawson provides ideas and examples showing how investigators can successfully pitch difficult cases—ones that look unattractive on the surface. Lawson approaches the topic from his perspective as a former federal prosecutor and counsel to federal criminal investigators, but most of the ideas apply just as well to state and local law enforcement agencies.
  • A new US data privacy bill aims to give you more control over information collected about you – and make businesses change how they handle data – With rare bipartisan support, the American Data and Privacy Protection Act moved out of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce by a vote of 53-2 on July 20, 2022. The bill still needs to pass the full House and the Senate, and negotiations are ongoing. Given the Biden administration’s responsible data practices strategy, White House support is likely if a version of the bill passes. Legal scholar and attorney Professor Anne Toomey McKenna, who studies and practices technology and data privacy law, has been closely following the act, known as ADPPA. McKenna contends that if passed this legislation will fundamentally alter U.S. data privacy law.
  • You don’t have to be a spy to violate the Espionage Act – and other crucial facts about the law Trump may have brokenJoseph Ferguson, Co-Director, National Security and Civil Rights Program, Loyola University Chicago and Thomas A. Durkin, Distinguished Practitioner in Residence, Loyola University Chicago are both attorneys who specialize in and teach national security law. While navigating the sound and fury over the Trump search, this article highlights important things to note about the Espionage Act.
  • The highest performing teams have rules – Patrick J. McKenna is a highly respected lecturer, strategist and advisor to law firms. McKenna’s experience has taught him that the best performing teams have discovered to operate effectively they need to formalize what they should specifically be able to expect of each other as members. He calls these expectations the group’s ‘Rules of Engagement’, and in this article he articulates that to be effective, these rules of engagement must be clear, consistent, agreed to and followed. A challenging endeavor in any workplace, but critical to high performing and innovative law firms.
  • Don’t be too quick to blame social media for America’s polarization – cable news has a bigger effect, study findsHoma Hosseinmardi and a group of researchers from Stanford University, the University of Pennsylvania and Microsoft Research tracked the TV news consumption habits of tens of thousands of American adults each month from 2016 through 2019. They discovered four aspects of news consumption that, when taken together, paint an unsettling picture of the TV news ecosystem.
  • Pete Recommends – Weekly highlights on cyber security issues, August 27, 2022Five highlights from this week: Video scans of students’ rooms during online tests ruled unconstitutional; TikTok’s In-App Browser Includes Code That Can Monitor Your Keystrokes, Researcher Says; Google Flagged Parents’ Photos of Sick Children as Sexual Abuse; Third-party app attacks: Lessons for the next cybersecurity frontier; and Russia’s ‘Oculus’ to use AI to scan sites for banned information.
  • Pete Recommends – Weekly highlights on cyber security issues, August 20, 2022 – Four highlights from this week: Google blocks largest HTTPS DDoS attack ‘reported to date’; Spy group abuses Microsoft OneDrive to steal credentials in hack-and-leak campaigns; Reps. Nadler, Thompson Send Letter to FBI, DHS on Personal Data; and Digital Medical Companies Funnel Patient Data To Facebook For Advertising.
  • Pete Recommends – Weekly highlights on cyber security issues, August 13, 2022Four highlights from this week: Hospital and Drugmaker Move to Build Vast Database of New Yorkers’ DNA; Your iPhone’s deleted voicemails aren’t actually deleted; FTC Contemplates Rules to Protect Against Commercial Surveillance and Lax Data Privacy; North Korean hackers target crypto experts with fake Coinbase job offers.
  • Pete Recommends – Weekly highlights on cyber security issues, August 6, 2022 – Four highlights from this week: Report – Hidden Harms: The Misleading Promise of Monitoring Students Online; Meta, US hospitals sued for using healthcare data to target ads; All software is guilty until proven innocent; and Twitter Faces A Surge In Account Data Requests By Governments.
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Subjects: KM

Fenced-off culture, the privatized Internet, and why book publishers lean on a 30-year-old doctrine

The Internet Archive (IA) “is a non-profit digital library offering free universal access to books, movies & music, as well as 624 billion archived web pages.” The IA offers users unrestricted access to its expansive ecosystem of knowledge and educational resources from the public domain. Andy Oram, prolific author, editor, publisher, and technical expert on all aspects of computing, undertook an extensive examination of a game changing case, Hachette v. Internet Archive, that may dismantle this unique, invaluable digital library. In this article Oram examines what the publishers are trying to protect and why they have to wield a large and heavy cudgel to protect it. His inquiry leads to a look at how culture has been privatized as it has become digitized—an effect quite opposed to the hopes of most public advocates who maintain the view that the Internet and the World Wide Web should remain focused on public access, not private sector monetization.

Subjects: Archives, Congress, Copyright, E-Books, Internet Resources, KM, Legal Research, Legislative, Libraries & Librarians, Publishing & Publishers (Legal), Search Engines, United States Law, Virtual Library

After the Ivory Tower Falls: A Book Review

Among the main strengths of this important, highly readable book, says David H. Rothman, is its history of how we got into the mess in the first place. We blew our chance by not making higher education more of a tax-supported public good with academic values prevailing over commercial ones. The GI Bill and other measures helped, but what if the aid had been even more extensive with far less reliance on the marketplace? Even elite Ivy schools got caught up in the mania—wildly overpaying administrators and indulging in ever-more-expensive dorms and gyms and other luxuries to compete for the students from well-off families most likely to donate. So much for the poor and middle class, even with scholarships. The result was that America squandered brainpower.

Subjects: Book Reviews, Economy, Education, Financial System, KM

What is proof-of-stake? A computer scientist explains a new way to make cryptocurrencies, NFTs and metaverse transactions

Prof. Scott Ruoti briefs us on yet another new component in Digital Ledger Technology. Proof-of-stake is a mechanism for achieving consensus on a blockchain. Blockchain is a technology that records transactions that can’t be deleted or altered. It’s a decentralized database, or ledger, that is under no one person or organization’s control. Since no one controls the database, consensus mechanisms, such as proof-of-stake, are needed to coordinate the operation of blockchain-based systems.

Subjects: Blockchain, Cryptocurrency, Economy, Energy, Financial System, Legal Research, Technology Trends

Using an Infographic to Encourage Deep Reading

Prof. Cindy Guyer, Senior Law Librarian and Adjunct Assistant Professor Law at the University of Southern California Gould School of Law, has been experimenting with incorporating infographics in her teaching to present information and knowledge visually, using graphs, flowcharts, timelines, and diagrams, which are components of instructional design.

Subjects: Communications, Education, Legal Education, Legal Research

Pete Recommends – Weekly highlights on cyber security issues, September 24, 2022

Privacy and cybersecurity issues impact every aspect of our lives – home, work, travel, education, health and medical records – to name but a few. On a weekly basis Pete Weiss highlights articles and information that focus on the increasingly complex and wide ranging ways technology is used to compromise and diminish our privacy and online security, often without our situational awareness. Four highlights from this week: Lens reflections may betray your secrets in Zoom video calls; Multi-factor authentication (MFA) fatigue; How Pig Butchering Scams Work; and Crypto giveaway scams continue to escalate.

Subjects: Cryptocurrency, Cybersecurity, Gadgets, Gadgets/Gizmos, Legal Research, Privacy, Technology Trends

Pete Recommends – Weekly highlights on cyber security issues, September 17, 2022

Privacy and cybersecurity issues impact every aspect of our lives – home, work, travel, education, health and medical records – to name but a few. On a weekly basis Pete Weiss highlights articles and information that focus on the increasingly complex and wide ranging ways technology is used to compromise and diminish our privacy and online security, often without our situational awareness. Four highlights from this week: Consumer Data: Increasing Use Poses Risks to Privacy; Border Agents Surveil Americans’ Phones Without Warrants: Wyden; Social Media Execs Submit to Time-Honored Public Lashing Before Congress; and You should know that most websites share your in-site search queries with third parties.

Subjects: Civil Liberties, Congress, Cybercrime, Cybersecurity, Data Mining, Government Resources, Legal Research, Privacy, Search Engines, Social Media, Travel, United States Law

What’s going on with the Greenland ice sheet? It’s losing ice faster than forecast and now irreversibly committed to at least 10 inches of sea level rise

Alun Hubbard is a field glaciologist who has worked on ice sheets for more than 30 years. The past few years in particular have been unnerving for the sheer rate and magnitude of change underway. Current teachings that ice sheets respond over millennial time scales is definitely not what we’re seeing today. If every year were like 2012, when Greenland experienced a heat wave, that irreversible commitment to sea level rise would triple. That’s an ominous portent given that these are climate conditions we have already seen, not a hypothetical future scenario.

Subjects: Climate Change, Energy, Environmental Law

Pete Recommends – Weekly highlights on cyber security issues, September 10, 2022

Privacy and cybersecurity issues impact every aspect of our lives – home, work, travel, education, health and medical records – to name but a few. On a weekly basis Pete Weiss highlights articles and information that focus on the increasingly complex and wide ranging ways technology is used to compromise and diminish our privacy and online security, often without our situational awareness. Four highlights from this week: U.S. bank regulator warns of crisis risk from fintech proliferation; Supply chain risk is a top security priority as confidence in partners wanes; FBI Warns Individuals Employed in the Healthcare Industry of the Ongoing Scam Involving the Impersonation of Law enforcement and Government; and IST to launch new guidance on security risks of telehealth and smart home integration.

Subjects: Cybercrime, Cybersecurity, Economy, Email Security, Healthcare, Privacy, Social Media

Pete Recommends – Weekly highlights on cyber security issues, September 3, 2022

Privacy and cybersecurity issues impact every aspect of our lives – home, work, travel, education, health and medical records – to name but a few. On a weekly basis Pete Weiss highlights articles and information that focus on the increasingly complex and wide ranging ways technology is used to compromise and diminish our privacy and online security, often without our situational awareness. Four highlights from this week: Why your organization should plan for deepfake fraud before it happens; FTC Sues Broker Kochava Over Geolocation Data Sales; Google Chrome Bug Lets Sites Silently Overwrite System Clipboard Content; and Chrome extensions with 1.4 million installs steal browsing data.

Subjects: Computer Security, Cybercrime, Cybersecurity, Financial System, Internet Trends, Legal Research, Privacy, Search Engines, Social Media, Spyware, Technology Trends